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Beowulf on Steorarume

Dramatis Personae & Locales

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bel, m., biblical person: second son of Adam & Eve, brother of Cain; as. 108.

Alf-walda, wk. adj. & m. noun, ruler of elves (epithet for Beowulf ?); 1316 (usu. emended to alwalda - see n.1316 (bilingual edition) & n.1316 (semi-diplomatic edition); see also Tripp, Taylor) [alf unattested form for ælf in OE, though it would be the expected Anglian form (see Peters, for proto-Northumbrian reconstructed *alfi); alf occurs in ME, e.g. La3amon's Brut, 19268: 'þis þe alfe him 3eaf' (Cott. Otho C.xiii)].

r-Scyldingas, see Scyldingas.

lf-here, m. -ja., kinsman of Wglf; gs. -es, 2605. (Woolf (1937) argues that this may be Beowulf's given name (with 'Beowulf' as a sort of nickname), see also Collinder) [lf- 'elf'; here 'army' > MnE. name Oliver; see further under OE. entry ylfe]

sc-here, m. -ja., a counselor and warrior of the Danes, close companion of Hrgr; 1325, 1331; gs. -es, 1422; ds. -e, 2125. [sc (ON. askr), ('ash-') 'spear' (Scand. 'boat', see 'Battle of Maldon' l.69); here 'army']

Ban-stn, m., father of Breca; gs. -es, 523. [Icel. bauni 'shark', 'dogfish' (or OE. ban 'bean'?); stn 'stone']

Beorht-Dene, see Dene.

Bow(ulf), m., Danish king, son of Scyld; 18, 53. [perh. scribal error for Bow 'barley'; see n.4, n.18, & Bjrkman]

Bowulf, Bowulf, m., (Bowulf Gata 675, 1193), the hero of the poem: Geatish warrior (and later king), son of Ecgow & kinsman of Hygelc; (the o form is confined to the second part of the MS., in which it is regularly used with the exception of ll. 1974, 2210, 2511) --ns., 343 (Bowulf is mn nama), 404, 505, 528, 630, 675, 956, 1023, 1193, 1301, 1312, 1385, 1443, 1475, 1653, 1820, 1883, 2002, 2360, 2426, 2511, 2725; gs. -es, 500, 794, 855, 871 & 1974 (s Bowulfes), 2197, 2682, 2808 (Bowulfes biorh); ds. -e, 608, 622, 817, 1019, 1042, 1050, 2210, 2325, 2843, 2908, 3068, [3153]; as. -, 364, 652, 2390; vs. -, 945; wine mn B.: 456, 1706; B. lofa: 1218, 1761; lofa B.: 1857, 1990, 2664. --note: Bowulf maelode: 404, 2511, 2725; Bowulf maelode, bearn Ecgowes: 528, 630, 956, 1385, 1475, 1653, 1820, 2002, 2426. ['Bee-Wolf' (='Bear') : bo, bo 'bee'; wulf 'wolf' - see n.343]

Breca, wk.m., chief of the Brondingas; 582; d.(a.?)s. Brecan, 505; as. ~, 530. [perh. fr. OE. brecan, or fr. ON. breki; cf. brecan ofer bweg, 'Elene' l.244, 'Andreas' ll. 223, 513; also Bjrkman]

Brondingas, m.p., Scandinavian tribal name (unidentified); gp. -a, 520. [fr. OE. brond 'sword'?, or ON. brandr, 'ship's beak (prow)'?; cf. 'Widsith' l.111]

Brsinga (gp.) mene, 1201 [=ON. Brsinga men, the necklace of the goddess Freyja in the Elder Edda ('rymskvia') - see n.1201].

Cin, m., biblical person: first son of Adam & Eve, brother (and slayer) of bel; gs. Cines (altered fr. cames), 107. [l. 1263 MS camp 'strife'(?) often emended to ns. Cin]

Dg-hrefn, m., a warrior of the Hgas (Frisians), possibly the slayer of Hygelc (see n.2502); ds. Dghrefne, 2502. [dg 'day'; hrefn 'raven', see 1804f.]

Dene, m. -i. p., Danes (national and geographical designation); np., 2053; dp. Dena, Denig(e)a, Denia, 155, 497, 656, 1672, 2038; land ~, 242, 253, similarly, 1907; folce(s) ~, 1584; ~ lode (-um), 389, 598, 695, 1325, 1715, 2128; wine ~, 350; aldor~, 667; ~ fran, 271, 359, 1682; dp. Denum, 766, 822, 1157, 1419, 1723, 1817, 2071; ap. Dene, 1089. [ON. Danir; cf. OE. denu 'valley'? (cp. OE. sld 'valley', 'glade'); ON. dan, cp. OE. dn(n)] --Cpds.: (a) Beorht-Dene; gp. -a, 426, 608. [beorht 'bright']; Gr-Dene; gp. -a, 1; dp. -um, 600, 1859, 2495 [gr 'spear'; cp. names in -gr, e.g. Hrgr, Grmund (l.1965)]; Hring-Dene; np., 116, 1281; gp. -a, 1772 [hring 'ring', 'mail-coat'?]. (b) ast-Dene; gp. -a, 391, 615; dp. -um, 827 ['East Danes']; Nor-Dene; dp. -um, 782 ['North Danes']; S-Dene; gp. -a, 462; ap. -e, 1999 ['South Danes']; West-Dene; dp. -um, 383, 1580 ['West Danes']. --Cp. Healf-Dene; see Scyldingas, Ingwine.

ad-gils, m., Swedish prince, son of hthere; ds. -e, 2393. [ad 'wealth'; gs(e)l 'hostage']

Eafor, see Eofor.

aha, wk.m., a (Half-)Danish warrior; [F. 15].

an-mund, m., Swedish prince, son of hthere; gs. -es, 2612. [ad 'wealth'; mund 'hand', 'protection']

Earna-ns, m., a promontory in the land of the Geats, near the scene of the dragon fight; as. 3033. ['Eagle-Ness' : earn 'eagle']

ast-Dene, see Dene.

Ecg-lf, m., a Dane, father of Unfer; gs. Ecglfes: ~ bearn, 498; sunu ~, 589, [979], 1811; mago ~, 1467. [ecg 'sword', 'edge'; lf 'remnant', 'heirloom']

Ecg-ow, m. -wa., father of Bowulf (tribal affiliation uncertain - see n.343); 263, 373 (Ecgo); gs. Ecgowes: bearn ~, 528, 630, [956], 1385, 1475, 1653, 1820, 2002 (-oes), 2180, 2426; sunu ~, 1552, 2368, 2399 (-owes); maga ~, 2588. [ecg 'sword'; ow 'servant'; cf. ON. Eggr]

Ecg-wela, wk.m., (unknown) Danish king; gs. -an, 1713. [ecg 'sword'; wela 'wealth']

Eofor, m., a Geat, son of Wonrd, brother of Wulf, slayer of Ongenow; gs. Eofores, 2487, Eafores, 2965; ds. Iofore, 2994, 2997. [eofor 'boar']

(o-mr, m., sometimes MS l.1963 'on geomor' is altered to the supposed name omer = son of the Angle king Offa; [eoh 'horse' [ON. jór; cf. OIr. ech, Lat. equus, Gr. 'ιππος, Skt. açva < IE. *ek`wo- 'horse' ? < IE. *ek`w-o-, related to (?) IE. *ók`u- 'swift' (Watkins 23:ekwo-/Pokorny ekuo-s 201); mare 'famous' (- cf. 'OE. Bede' 122.9: omar)])

Eormen-rc, m., king of the East Goths; gs. -es, 1203. [eormen 'immense'; rce 'powerful'; cf. Go. reiks 'ruler']

otan, wk.m.p., 'Jutes'; the people of Finn, the Frisian king; (giants? - see n.1071): gp. otena, 1071, 1087, 1140; dp. otenum, 1144; --giants, (etins); dp. ~, 901.

Fin(n), m., king of the East Frisians; Fin, 1095, 1151; gs. Finnes, 1067, 1080, 1155; ds. Finne, 1127; as. Fin, 1145.

Finnas, m.p., Finns (Lapps); gp. -a, 579.

Finns-buruh, f. -c., Finn's castle; [F. 36].

Fitela, wk.m., nephew (and son) of Sigemund; 878, 888. [ON. Sinfjolti, OHG. Sintarfizzilo; (kenning for 'wolf' - OE. Fitela shortened from the compound form as found in OHG. & ON.)]

Folc-walda, wk.m., father of the Finn; gs. -an, 1088. [cf. 2596]

Francan, wk.m.p., Franks; gp. Francna, 1212; dp. Froncum, 2913. ['spear-men' (cf. OE. franca 'spear')?? or 'freeman'? or 'bold ones'?; cf. Hn. firangí (arch.) 'European, Westerner' < P. firinghi < Gr. frangos < Gmc. frank]

Fra-waru, f., daughter of Hrgr; as. -e, 2025. [fra 'lord'; waru '(watchful) care' - altered from orig. Hrt? 'doe' - see Malone 1940a, 1959a] (cp. 'Liber Vitae': Berct-, Ecg-, Hroth-, Sig-waru)

Frsan, Frsan, wk.m.p., Frisians, West Frisians: gp. Frsna, 2916; dp. Frsum, 1209, 2913; --East Frisians: gp. Frsena, 1092, Frsna 1103.

Frs-cyning, m., king of the (West) Frisians; ds. -[e], 2504.

Frs-lond, n., Friesland, Frisia; land of the West Frisians; dp. Frslondum, 2358; --land of the East Frisians: as. Frsland, 1125.

Frs-wl, n., Frisian battle-field; ds. -e, 1069.

Frda, wk.m., Heao-Bard chief, father of Ingeld; gs. -an, 2028. [frd 'wise' ('old')]

Frsan, Frs-land, see Frsan, Frs-lond.

Gr-Dene, see Dene.

Gr-mund, m., father of the Angle king Offa; gs. -es, 1965. [gr 'spear'; mund 'hand', 'protection'] Gr-ulf, m., a Frisian warrior; [F. 18, 31]. [gr 'spear'; ulf = wulf 'wolf']

Gatas, m.p., Scandinavian tribe (in South 'Sweden' = ON> Gautar?? or in the Jutland penisula?? or on the island of Gotland??); gp. Gata, 374, 378, 600, 675, 1193, 1204, 1553, 1644, 1839, 1914, 2187, 2328, 2473, 2659, 2947; ~ lode (-a, -um), 205, 260, 362, 442 (Gotena), 1215, 1859, 1933, 2319, 2928, 3139, 3180; ~ lod, 624, 668, 1434; ~ dryhten (cyning, goldwine), 1486, 1834, 2357, 2403, 2420, 2484, 2561, 2577, 2585, 2902, 2992; dp. Gatum, 195, 1173, 2195, 2391, 2624; ap. Gatas, 1175. Gat (i.e. Bowulf), ns., 1788; gs. Gates, 639; ds. Gate, 1303; as. Gat, 1795. [Ablaut form: Gotan 'Goths'? ON. Gautar derived from Gautland?, the land near the river Gautelfr; likely based on OE. verb geótan 'pour, pour out, shed; flow, stream; make a libation(?), sacrifice(?); cast, found' see further under entry '
géotan'] --Cpds.: G-Gatas; gp. -a, 1540. [g 'war'] Sa-Gatas; np., 1853; gp. -a, 1989. [sa 'sea'] Weder-Gatas; gp. -a, 1494, 1614, 2552; dp. -um, 2380. [weder 'weather'] see Wederas; Hrlingas.

Geatisc, adj., Geatish;, [3152].

Gat-mcgas, m. -ja. p., men of the Geats; gp. -mecga, 9828; dp. -mcgum, 490.

Gotena, see Gatas.

Gifas, m.p., East Germanic tribe; dp. -um, 2495. (cf. 'Widsith' l.60: Gefas, Lat. form Gepidae]

Grendel, m., monstrous fen-dwelling being slain by Bowulf; 102, 151, 473, [590], 677, 710, 818, 1053, 1255, 1268, 1778, 2081; gs. Grendles, 127, 195, 384, 408, 477, 482, 526, 835, 926, 1260, 1284, 1393, 1540, 1641, 1650, 2005; Grendeles, 2009, 2121, 2142, 2354; ds. Grendle, 665, 929, 1579, 2522; as. Grendel, 423, 1336, 1356, 1588, 2000, 2073. [perh. fr. OE. grindan 'grind' ('destroy')?; or OE. *grandial fr. OE. *grand 'sand'? 'bottom of a body of water'?; or fr. OE. *grandor 'evil', 'injury' (cf. ON. grand 'injury')?; or fr. OE. grindel 'bar' (cf. OHG. grindel, krintil)?; or rel. to ON. grindill 'storm'? - see further n102 to online dual-language edition]

G-ere, m. -ja., a Frisian warrior; ds., [F. 18]. [g 'war'; ere 'army']

G-Gatas, see Gatas.

G-lf, m., a Danish warrior; 1147, [F. 16]; a Frisian warrior; [F. gs. -es, 33]. [g 'war'; lf 'remnant', 'heirloom']

G-Scilfingas, see Scylfingas.

Hlga, wk.m., Danish prince, younger brother of Hrgr; Hlga til, 61. [ON. Helgi, from ON. heilagr, OE. hlig, i.e. 'consecrated', 'inviolable', 'holy']

Hma, wk.m., a person of the Germanic (Gothic) cycle of legends; 1200. see n. l.1200. [ON. Heimir, OHG. Heime; cf. 'Widsith' ll.129-30]

Hre, m., father of Hygd; gs. Hrees 1932, Hrees 1984.

Hcyn, -cen, m., Geatish prince, second son of Hrel; Hcyn, 2435, 2438; ds. Hcynne, 2483; as. Hcen, 2926. [h(e)au- 'war'; cyn 'kind']

Healf-Dene, m. -i., king of the Danes, father of Heorogr, Hrgr, Hlga (& rse); hah ~, 57; gs. -es, 1063; maga ~, 189, 1476, 2146; mago ~, 1870, 2014; sunu ~, 268, 344, 644, 1039, 1654, 1701, 2150; ~ sunu, 1008; bearn ~, 468, 1019. [O. (West) N. Hlfdan(r), O.Dan. Haldan (Lat. Haldanus)].

Heard-rd, m., Geatish king, son of Hygelc; 2389; ds. -e, [2205], 2376. [heard 'fierce'; rd 'counsel']

Heao-Beardan, wk.m.p., a Germanic tribe; gp. -Beardna, 2035; Heaa-~, 2070. [heao- 'war'; beard 'beard']

Heao-lf, m., a man of the Wylfing tribe; ds. -e, 459. [heao- 'war'; lf 'remnant', 'heirloom']

Heao-Ramas, m.p., a people living in southern Norway (Romerike); ap. -Rames, 518. ('Widsith' l.63: Heao-Ramum, dp.; ON. Raumar)

Heao-Scilfingas, see Scylfingas.

Helmingas, m.p., the family to which Wealhow belongs; gp. -a, 619. ('Widsith' l.29: Helm)

Hemming, m., a kinsman of Offa(?); gs. Hemninges, 1947, Heminges 1964.

Hengest, m., leader of the (Half-)Danes after Hnf's death in Frisia; 1126, [F. 17]; ds. -e, 1082, 1095. [hengest 'horse']

Heoro-gr, m., Danish king, elder brother of Hrgr; 61; Hioro-, 2161; Here-,466. [heoro 'sword', here 'army'; gr 'spear'] (cp. hioro-serce 2540, here-syrce 1513)

Heorot, m., the famous hall of the Danish king Hrgr (corresonding to the royal seat of Hleir (Zeeland) in Norse tradition(?)); 1016, 1178, Heort 990; gs. Heorotes, 402; ds. Heorote, 474, 496, 592, 1269, 1304, 1332, 1590, 1673, Heorute 765, Hiorote 1993, Hiorte 2102; as. Heorot 166, 431, Heort 78. [heorot 'hart']

Heoro-weard, m., son of Heorogr; ds. -e, 2164. [heoro- 'sword'; weard 'guard']

Here-beald, m., Geatish prince, eldest son of Hrel; 2435; ds. -e, 2464. [here 'army'; beald 'bold']

Here-gr, see Heoro-gr.

Here-md, m., a king of the Danes; 1712; gs. -es, 900. [here 'army'; md 'mind', 'spirit', 'courage']

Here-rc, m., uncle of Heardrd(?) (i.e. brother of Hygd); gs. -es, 2209. [here 'army'; rce 'powerful']

Here-Scyldingas, see Scyldingas.

Het-ware, m. -i.p., a Frankish people on the lower Rhein; 2364, 2917. ('Widsith' l.33: Htwerum, dp.) [ht(t) 'hat' (perh. 'helmet')?; -ware 'inhabitants'] (cf. Lat. forms Chatti: Chattuarii)

Hige-lc, see Hyge-lc.

Hilde-burh, f., sister of Hnf (chief of the Half-Danes), daugher of Hc, wife of the Frisian king Finn; 1070, 1113. [hild 'battle'; burh 'fortified place']

Hiorot, see Heorot.

Hnf, m., chief of the (Half-)Danes, brother of Hildeburh, son of Hc; [F. [2]]; gs. -es, 1113; ds. -e, [F. 40].

Hc, m., father of Hildeburh & Hnf; gs. -es, 1075. [cp. OE. hcen 'kid']

Hond-scih, m., a Geat warrior, one of the comrades of Bowulf; ds. -sci, 2079. ['Glove' : hond 'hand'; scih 'shoe'; cf. Ger. Handschuh 'glove', ON. (name) Vottr 'glove']

Hradlan, Hradles, see Hrel.

Hrefna-wudu, m. -u., a forest in Sweden; as. (or ds.?), 2926. [hrefna 'raven'; wudu 'wood']

Hrefnes-holt, n., a forest in Sweden; as., 2936. [hrefna 'raven'; holt 'wood']

Hrosna-beorh, m., a hill in Geatland; as., 2478.

Hrel (-a-, Hradla), m., king of the Geats, father of Hygelc, grandfather of Bowulf; 374 (Hrel Gata), 2431 (Hrel cyning), 2475; gs. Hrles, 1850, 2194, 2359, 2993; Hradles, 1487; Hradlan, 453. [hr 'glory'?, eel 'homeland'?]

Hr-men, m. -c., a name for the Geats; gp. -manna, 444.

Hrling, m., son of Hrel; as., 1926 (Higelc), 2926 (Hcen). Hrlingas, m.p., Geatish people; 2961.

Hr-rc, m., a son of Hrgr; 1191, Hrrinc, 1839. [hr-: hr 'glory'; rce 'powerful']

Hring-Dene, see Dene.

Hrones-ns(s), m., a headland on the coast of Geatland; ds. -nsse, 2806, 3138. [hron 'whale']

Hr-gr, m., king of the Danes, son of Healf-Dane, lord of Heorot; 61, 356, 371, 455, 652, 661, 924, 1016, 1238, 1323, 1689, 1843, 2158; gs. -es, 235, 335, 612, 716, 825, 1065, 1458, 1582, 1887, 1902, 2023, 2352; ds. -e, 64, 1298, 1401, 1409, 1594, 1993, 2132; as. -, 152, 277, 339, 395, 862, 1648, 1819, 2013; vs., 367, 406, 416 (oden H.), 1485. --note: Hrgr maelode: 924, 1689, 1843; Hrgr maelode, helm Scyldinga: 371, 455, 1323. [hror, hr 'glory'; gr 'spear'; cf. ON. Hrgeirr, MHG. Redegr, Anglo-Norman Roger (see 'O.E. Chronicle, AD 1075)]

Hr-mund, m., a son of Hrgr; 1191. [hr 'glory'; mund 'hand', 'protection']

Hr-ulf, m., son of Hlga, nephew of Hrgr; 1016; as., 1183. [hr 'glory'; -ulf : wulf 'wolf'; ON. Hrlfr, ME. Rolf, cf. Ralph]

Hrunting, m., Unfer's sword; 1459; ds. -e, 1492, 1661; as., 1810. [hrunt 'a long piece of wood'?; cf. ON. Hrotti (sword-name); ON. (OE.) hrinda(n) 'thrust']

Hgas, m.p., a name applied to the Franks; gp. -a, 2503; ap. -as, 2915.

Hun-fer, see Un-fer.

Hn-lfing, m., Hengest's sword? or perh. a warrior in Hengest's band (son of Hnlf)?; 1142. [*hn- 'high'; lf 'remnant', 'heirloom' (-ing: patronymic)]

Hygd, f. -i., wife of Hygelc; 1929, 2370; ds. -e, 2175. [ge-hygd 'thought', 'deliberation']

Hyge-lc, Hige-lc, (Hlc(es) 1532 pointing to the form Hyglc?; the form Hyge- occurs only between ll.2004 & 2435, besides 812, 2944), m., king of the Geats, son of Hrel; 434, 1204, 1986, 2204, 2373, 2435, 2915; gs. -es, 261, 342, 2387, 2944, 2953, [2959]; ~ egn, 194, 1576, 2978; mag ~, 736, 757, 812, 913, 1532, (similarly) 406; ds. -e, 451, 1485, 1833, 1973, 2172, 2989; as. -, 1823, 1926, 2356; vs., 2003 (dryhten H.), 2154. [hyge 'mind'; lc 'play'; cf. ON. Hugleikr]

In-geld, m., prince of the Heao-Bards, son of Frda; ds. -e, 2067. [*Ing 'name of a Germanic deity' (see n.1043); geld 'sacrifice', 'service' worship - thus 'Servant of Ing' (cf. Skt. name Kldasa ('servant of (the goddess) Kl))]

Ing-wine, m. -i. p., (Ing's friends), Danes; gp.: (eodor) Ingwina, 1043, (fran) ~, 1321. [Ing 'name of a Germanic deity' (see n.1043); wine 'friend(s)']

Iofor, see Eofor.

Mere-woing, m., Merovingian (i.e. king of the Franks); gs. -as, 2922.

(Md-ro, ro, f., probably a description of Hygd (see mó, þrýðo), but often taken to refer to (a) wife of the Angle king Offa(??!); 1934. [md 'spirit', 'mind'; r 'strength'])

Ngling, m., Bowulf's sword; 2681. [ngl 'nail'; cp. sword-names Nagelrinc, -ring, Nagelung in 'drekssaga' & MHG. epics]

Nor-Dene, see Dene.

Offa, wk.m., king of the (continental) Angles; 1960; gs. Offan, 1952. [Saxo: Uffo]

ht-(h)ere, m. -ja., son of the Swedish king Ongenow; gs. hteres, 2381, 2395; htheres, 2929, 2933; ds. htere, 2613. [ht 'pursuit' (or 'terror'?); here 'army'; ON. ttarr]

Onela, wk.m., king of the Swedes, son of Ongenow; 2617; gs. Onelan, [62], 2933. [ON. li]

Ongen-ow, m. -wa., king of the Swedes; 2487, -o, 2925, 2952, -ow 2962; gs. -es, 1971, Ongenoes, 2388; -eowes, 2476; ds. -o, 2987. [ow 'servant'; cf. ON. Angantr]

Ord-lf, m., a Danish warrior; [F. 16]. [ord 'point', 'vanguard'; lf 'remnant', 'relic', 'heirloom']

s-lf, m., a Danish warrior; 1147. [s, ON. ss 'god', OHG. ans- 'god' < Gmc. *ansu-; Av. ahura 'spirit, lord', Skt. asura- 'demon, spirit' < IE. *h2ensu- 'spirit' (Watkins 4:ansu-/Pokorny ansu- 48); lf 'relic', 'remnant', 'legacy']

Sa-Gatas, see Gatas.

Scede-land (=Sceden-), n., see Sceden-g; dp. -landum 19.

Sceden-g, f. -j., name of the southernmost part of the Scandinavian peninsula (Skane), applied to the Danish realm; ds. -egge, 1688. [ON. Skn-ey, Lat. Sca(n)dinavia, mod. Sw. Skane; gloss: g-stram 'flood, ocean']

Scfing, m., appellation of Scyld ('son of Scf'); 4. [scaf, Mn.E. sheaf]

Scyld, m., mythical Danish king; 4, 26; gs. -es, 19. [scyld 'shield']

Scyldingas (Scild-, 229, 351, 1185, 2104, 2109), m.p., (descendants of Scyld, members of Danish dynasty), Danes (poet. name); np. hwate ~, 1603, 2055 (Scyldungas); gp. Scyldinga, 53, 229, 912, 1068, 1153, 1168, 1565; wine ~, 30, 148, 170, 1185, 2029, 2104 (Scildunga); fran ~, 291, 351, 499, 1166; helm ~, 371, 455, 1323; eodor ~, 427, 662; oden ~, 1677, 1874; lod ~, 1655, 2162 (Scyldunga); witan ~, 777; winum ~, 1420; dp. Scyldingum, 274; ap. Scyldingas, 58. Scylding, ns.: gamela ~ (i.e. Hrgr), 1795, Scilding, 2108. [scyld, Scyld; ON. Skjoldungar] --Cpds.: r-Scyldingas; gp. -a, 463; dp. -um, 1713 [r 'honour'] Here-Scyldingas; gp. -a, 1107 [here 'army'] Sige-Scyldingas; gp. -a, 596; dp. -um, 2007 [sige 'victory'] od-Scyldingas; np., 1018 [od 'people']. see Dene.

Scylfingas (Scilf-), m.p., (Swedish dynasty), Swedes; gp. Scylfinga: helm ~, 2382, lod ~, 2604. Scylfing, ns.: gomela ~ (i.e. Ongenow), 2488, 2969 (Scilfing). [ON. Skilfing(a)r; ON. -skjlf, OE. scielf, scylf, 'peak, crag, pinnacle'; cf. MHG. ('Nibelungelied') Schilbunc (-ung)] --Cpds.: G-Scilfingas; ap. 2928 [g 'war'] Heao-Scilfingas; ap. 2208 [heao- 'war'] Heao-Scilfing; gs. -as, 63 (i.e. Onela). --see Swon.

Secgan, wk.m.p., a Germanic (coastal) tribe; gp. Secgena, [F. 24]. [secg 'sword'; cf. seax, Seaxe]

Sige-fer, m., one of Hnf's warriors (of the tribe of the Secgean); [F. 15, 24]. [sige 'victory'; fer 'mind', 'spirit' or fer=fri(u) 'protection', 'peace']

Sige-mund, m., son of Wls, uncle (and father) of Fitela; ds. -e, 883, 874. [sige 'victory'; mund 'hand', 'protection'] see n.874.

Sige-Scyldingas, see Scyldingas.

S-Dene, see Dene.

Swon, wk.m.p., Swedes; i.e. inhabitants of the east central part of present Sweden (northeast of Lakes Vner & Vtter); gp. Swona, 2473, Swna, 2947; ~ lodum (-e), 2959, 3003. [O.Ice. Svar, O.Sw. Swar, Swar; cf. Go. sws, OE. swas 'one's own'] see Scylfingas.

Swo-od, f., the Swedish people; ds. -e, 2923. [ON. Sv-j, cf. 'Leges Edwardi Confessoris' 32E: Suetheida 'Sweden'] see Swo-rce.

Swerting, m., (maternal) uncle of Hygelc; gs. -es, 1205. [sweart 'black; ON. Svertingr]

Swo-rce, n. -ja., Sweden; ds., 2384, 2496. [Sw. Sverige]

od-Scyldingas, see Scyldingas.

Un-fer, m., 'le' of Hrgr; Hunfer 498, 1165; as., 1490; vs., 529. (see n.498).

Wag-mundingas, m.p., the family to which Whstn, Wglf, and Bowulf belong; gp. -a, 2608, 2815.

Wls, m., father of Sigemund; gs. -es, 896. [cf. Goth, walis, γνησιος, 'genuine', 'legitimate']

Wlsing, m., son of Wls, (i.e. Sigemund); gs. -es, 876. [cf. ON. Volsungr]

Wealh-o(w) (the form with final w in 611 only), str. & wk.f., Hrgr's queen; 611, 1161, 1217, 2176; ds. -n, 628; as. -o, 663. [wealh 'foreign', 'Celtic', 'Welsh', 'Gaulish'; ow 'captive' (carried off in war) - misapplied epithet of rse??, see Malone 1929]

Wederas, m.p., =Weder-Gatas (cf. Hras, 'Elene' l.58=Hr-Gotan, l.20); gp. Wedera, and (in the second part of the MS, except 2189 & 2337, regularly:) Wedra; 422, 497, 2123; ~ lode (-a, -um), 225, 696, 1897, 2901, 3158; ~ lod, 341; ~ oden (helm), 2337, 2463, 2657, 2706, 2787, 3039.

Weder-Gatas, see Gatas.

Weder-mearc, f., land of the (Weder-)Geats; ds. -e, 298. (cf. (Den-)mark)

Wland, m., famous smith of Germanic legend; gs. -es, 454. [cf. ON. vl 'artifice'; High German Wielant(d), ON. Volundr; MnE. Wayland (dial. pronunc.)] see n.454.

Wendlas (or Wendle), m.p., Vandals(?) or inhabitants of Vendel in Uppland, Sweden, or inhabitants of Vendill in North Jutland (mod. Vendsyssel); gp. Wendla, 348.

Woh-stn (Wox-), see Wh-stn.

West-Dene, see Dene.

Wg-lf, m., a Wagmunding, kinsman & retainer of Bowulf; 2603, 2632, 2863, 2907, 3078; vs., 2746; as. Wlf, 2853. [wg 'valour', 'war' or wh, woh 'deity', 'idol'; lf 'remainder', 'legacy']

Wh-stn, Woh-stn, m., father of Wglf; Wohstn, 2614; gs. Whstnes (sunu): 2753, 3078, 3122, 2863 (Woh-), 2603 (Wox-); (byre) Whstnes: 2908, 3112. [wg, woh 'deity', 'idol'; stn 'stone'; ON. Vsteinn]

Wilfingas, see Wylfingas.

Wier-gyld, m., a Heao-Bard warrior; 2054. [wier 'hostile'; gyld 'reward', 'sacrifice']

Won-rd, m., a Geat, father of Eulf and Eofor; gs. -es, 2972. [won 'wanting', 'void of'; rd 'counsel']

Won-rding, m., son of Wonrd (i.e. Wulf); 2966.

Wulf, m., a Geat (warrior), son of Wonrd, brother of Eofor; 2966; ds. -e, 2994. [wulf 'wolf']

Wulf-gr, m., an (Wendle) official at the court of Hrgr; 348, 360. [wulf 'wolf'; gr 'spear']

Wylfingas, m.p., a Germanic tribe (prob. south of the Baltic sea) (possibly connected with the East Anglian Wuffings - see Newton); dp. Wylfingum, 470, Wilfingum 460. [wulf 'wolf'; ON. Ylfingar].

Yrmen-lf, m., a Dane; gs. -es, 1326. [yrmen 'immense', 'powerful'; lf 'remnant', 'legacy'; cf. Eormen-(rc)]